In the terrarium section you can find various tarantulas and frogs, but mainly reptiles. Turtles, snakes, lizards and crocodiles count among them.
Crocodiles count without a doubt among the biggest reptiles in the world, even though they are generically closer to birds. In the Haus des Meeres you can meet a representative of Alligators, specifically the South African Yacare Kaiman. This maximally 3 m long reptile counts among the smallest in its family.
Cobras are the most known representatives of this family. They have two fixed fangs in the front of the mouth that channel venom into the prey, and which they can’t retract.
Mambas count among the venomous colubrids too, however they can retract their teeth. There are four different species, all living in South or Central Africa. The biggest of them – the black mamba – can get 4 m long.
New studies show that changing of color is not related to blending in with the surroundings. They express their mood through it.
They can move their eyes separately which enables them 360° view.
The stickiness of their tongue is a rumor – such tongue would be definitely very practical for every hunt, however latest back in the mouth with the pray, it would cause difficulties.
It’s actually much simpler: At the tip of the tongue, there are specially developed muscles which wrap around the prey. The chameleon has to relax those muscles when the tongue is restricted.
The biggest, not extinct representative of this species is the Chinese giant salamander. It can exceptionally reach length of 1,8 m. In his habitat, China, this amphibian lives in cold clean rivers or lakes, where the temperature doesn’t surpass 15°C. Salamander lies still in wait for fish or crabs.
Gilla monsters inhabit the desert of Sonora in Mexico, grow up to 60cm and feed on small vertebrates.
Their venom is not too strong, therefore they have extremely powerful bite so that they can inject a sufficient amount into the prey.
The venom, so called Gila toxin, is a neurotoxin, which causes pain, swellings, nausea, blood circulation problems and under certain circumstances it can be even fatal for humans (without medical treatment).